Military-Political Confrontation between the Russian Federation and the NATO Member States in the Baltic Region

Igor Tsependa

Abstract


This article analyses a range of problems faced by the NATO member states in the Baltic
region in connection with Russian aggression in Ukraine. It is indicated that the Russian Federation
boosts its military presence in the Kaliningrad Oblast: it deploys advanced missile systems and
armored fighting vehicles to the region, increases its military contingent and rearms its Navy in the
Baltic Sea. It is stressed that Russia has violated the 1987 Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediaterange and Shorter-range Missiles (the INF Treaty) and in recent years has been conducting largescale military exercises.
It is pointed out that amid the growing threat from Russia, the countries of the Baltic region
have to reconsider their military strategies, to join their efforts in order to prevent any possible
aggression. The NATO member states, the United States of America in particular, take part in the
military drills in the region. Sweden’s military cooperation with NATO and the United States of
America – a controversial issue in Swedish political circles – is discussed. The question of
enhancing military interaction between the members of NATO – Germany and Norway, the Unites
States and Poland – is addressed too. The advantages of building collective missile defense
capability in the Baltic region and taking other steps to restrain Russia’s aggressive actions are
indicated.


Keywords


Russian aggression, military aggression, military exercises, missilery, missile defense, Baltic region, NATO member states.

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