В С Лисенко


In this paper, the idea bases of aninterpretation of the Polish messianic visionof Galicia’s «polishness» are proved. Underconditions of modern creation of a nation,the Polish formulated political conceptionsabout the territory of the Commonwealth ofPoland, which should be revived with thearmed struggle and cooperation with themetropolitan country (Austria-Hungary).The author stresses that Galicia wasviewed in this statement as a nationalbridgehead before the activation of the mentionedideas. Especially after fi nishing of«Bach’s reaction» in the Habsburg Empire,the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeriabecame the «Polish Piedmont», that is thecentre of national revival. Under conditionsof emperor Franz Joseph I’s liberal policy,the Polish statesmen actively inculcated theidea of Galicia’s «polishness». However,the author states, the given events causedthe appearance of deep-rooted contradictionsbetween the Polish and the Ukrainiansin Galicia, which were characterized withtheir antagonism even before that. All thesecircumstances created a unique situation.Galicia, which was always the centreof Ukrainian-Polish interethnic confl icts,became the centre of Ukrainian as well asPolish national revival, which caused interethnicconfl icts and fratricidal war at alater date. The Polish politicians, annihilatingnational interests of Galicia’s Ukrainians,were creating ideological foundationsof a messianic conception of «Poland fromthe sea to the sea», giving one of the leadingroles in it to Galicia. The author statesGalicia’s role in the Polish messianic visionis one of the main, which, after that, becamethe basis of conception of Eastern Borderlands(Eastern Kresy) of the Commonwealthof Poland on the boundary of the XIX–XXthcenturies by R. Dmowski and J. Pilsudski,who considered this territory as a part ofGreater Poland. In fact, the ideologists ofPolish messianism mentioned above fullyformulated and theoretically proved Galicia’sbelonging to the future Polish state. Wefi nd it reasonable to reveal, in the sequel,the peculiarities of practical realization ofthe mentioned scholar statement during1918–1921.


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